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Jargon Buster


A state-funded school  which is directly funded by the Department for Education and independent of Local Authority control.

Academy Convertor

A school that has chosen through Governing Body Resolution and application to the Secretary of State to become an Academy under the Academies Act 2010. They can be a ‘stand-alone’ Academy or choose to join a sponsor.

Academy (Sponsor Led)

A school that was directed by the Secretary of State to become an Academy under the Academies Act 2010. They can be a ‘stand-alone’ Academy or choose to join a sponsor.


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
A condition whereby a child has difficulty in maintaining concentration and is unable to stay on task due to hyperactivity.


Assessment For Learning
Using evidence from assessment to check student progress and inform teachers' planning.


Assessing Pupil Progress
A system for using assessment criteria to assess progress and inform planning.


Ways of judging how well students are progressing.


What students accomplish.


Attitude to Learning
Every student is graded on this in every subject each term.


Behaviour for Learning
A code that sets out the behaviour expected of students.

Bridge Centre

The Bridge Centre is the place where the SAFE Team are based. It is also known as the Inclusion Centre.

British Values A government initiative to promote tolerance and equality. The British Values are democracy, mutual tolerance and respect for those of different faiths and beliefs, the rule of law and individual liberty.

Catchment Area

A defined geographical area from which a school takes its students.


Cognitive Behaviour Therapy


The subject which covers three inter-related areas; social and moral responsibility, community involvement and political literacy.

Code of Practice (SEND)

A guide to schools and Local Authorities (LAs) about the help they can give to children with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities (SEND).

Community Schools

Schools wholly funded by the Local Authority (LA).

Core Curriculum

English, Mathematics and a Science; those subjects which must be studied by all students.


All the courses and learning opportunities a school offers or a course of study being followed by a child.


The Department for Education


The way in which the Academy’s curriculum and teaching methods are adapted to meet the needs of children of differing abilities.

DSL Designated Safeguarding Lead (and Alternates). The members of staff responsible for Child Protection. At AAN, the DSL is Simon Davies and the alternates are Izzy Mair, Carmina McConnell and Michala Parks.


Dyscalculia affects the abilty to acquire arithmetical skills. Sufferers may have difficulty understanding simple number concepts and often have problems learning number facts and procedures.


A learning difficulty of which the chief manifestation is a particular difficulty with reading and spelling. For more information, please visit the British Dyslexia Association.


Dyspraxia is generally recognised as an impairment or immaturity of the organisation of movement. Associated with this may be problems of language, perception and thought.


The English Baccalaureate (EBacc) is a school performance measure linked to the General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE). It is not a qualification. It measures the percentage of students in a school who achieve 5+ A*-C grades in traditionally academic GCSE subjects (English, Mathematics, Science, History or Geography and a Language.


Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties


An Education, Health and Care Plan (EHCP)  is a legal document which sets out a description of your child's needs (what he or she can and cannot do) and what needs to be done to meet those needs by education, health and social care.

Generally, only a very small number of children with especially complex and severe needs - which require very high levels of support - are issued with an EHCP. They are a more comprehensive replacement for ‘Statements’.


The Education Funding Agency (EFA) administers education revenue and capital funding for learners between the ages of 3 and 19 or up to 25 for those with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities. It also supports building and maintenance programmes for schools, Academies, free schools and Sixth Form Colleges. EFA is an executive agency of the Department for Education.

Equal Opportunities

The principle of non-discrimination which emphasizes that opportunities in school should be freely available to everyone irrespective of their age, race, sex, religion, political association, ethnic origin, or any other individual or group characteristic unrelated to ability, performance, and qualification. The chance for everyone, no matter what their ability background, to participate in school life/curriculum.


The making of a judgement about the success of something e.g. How well did it work?

Exam Boards

The organisations who decide on the content for exam courses and set and mark the exam questions.


At AAN, subjects are loosely grouped into one of five faculties. The core subjects are led by a Head of Faculty, other subjects are individually lead by Subject Leaders.


Further Education
The FE sector in England includes further education colleges, Sixth Form Colleges, specialist colleges and adult education institutes. It does not include universities.


Free School Meals

FSM - Ever Six Any student who has been registered for free school meals in the last six years.


Fixed Term Exclusion

Functional Skills

Functional Skills are practical skills in English, Maths and ICT that help learners gain the most out of work, education and everyday life.


Gifted and Talented
The gifted are those with high ability in one or more academic subject and the talented are those with a high ability in sport, music, visual arts and/or performing arts.


General Certificate of Secondary Education

Gold Groups

At AAN, we have vertical tutor (form) groups from Year 7 to Year 10. Year 11 stand alone and are split into ‘Gold’ groups in order to prepare for GCSE.

Growth Mindset

In a growth mindset, people believe that their most basic abilities can be developed through dedication and hard work - brains and talent are just the starting point. This view creates a love of learning and a resilience that is essential for great achievement.


Higher Level Teaching Assistant


Head of Faculty


House Leaders


Every student at AAN is organised into one of four houses; Boudicca, Cavell, Kett and Nelson. Houses are led by House Leaders (a teacher) working with House Captains (students).


Information Advice and Guidance to inform students about their options for further education and training.


 Information and Communication Technology


Individual Education Plan
Drawn up by a school’s SENCO (Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator). It sets targets for a child to achieve and a date for a review of progress.


The process by which schools, Local Education authorities and others develop their cultures, policies and practices to include and provide for ALL students’ needs - no matter what their background or ability.


In-Service Education and Training
INSET Days are set aside to allow teachers to update their skills and knowledge in order to raise student achievement.

Key Stage (e.g. KS3, KS4)

Your child’s progress through the Academy is measured in Key Stages. Key Stage 1 covers students aged from 5–7, Key Stage 2 from 7–11, Key Stage 3 from 11–14 and Key Stage 4 from 14–16.


Local Authority
A body responsible for providing education for students of school age in its area. It also has responsibility for early years, the youth service and adult education.


Looked after Children
The term ‘Looked After Children’ is defined in law under the Children Act 1989. A child is looked after by a Local Authority if he or she is in their care or is provided with accommodation for more than 24 hours by the authority.


Local Education Authority
This was the part of the local council that was responsible for education. The phrase is now obsolete in official use and has been replaced by the Children Services Authority or commonly known as Local Authority.

Leadership Team (LT)

The Principal, Deputy Principal and the Assistant Principals.

Learning Difficulty

If a child has a learning difficulty, he or she may find it harder to learn, understand and communicate than it is for other children.


Learning Support Assistant
A non-teaching member of staff who helps to meet the educational needs of children. LSAs support teachers in classes and work with small groups or individual students in extraction.


Minimum Expected Grade
The minimum expected grade a Key Stage 4 student should be aiming for.


Minimum Expected Level
The minimum expected level a Key Stage 3 student should be aiming for.


Moderate Learning Difficulties


Norfolk Academies Multi Academy Trust


Norfolk Educational Services
The services provider for the TEN Group – our Academy Sponsor.

National Curriculum

The basic framework setting out what children aged 5–16 in state schools should learn.


Office for Standards in Education
The body which inspects state funded schools. OFSTED inspectors produce education reports to help improve schools.


Do all students join in ? Can they?


Personal Emergency Evacuation Plan


Permanent Exclusion


Prepared for Learning
This is our protocol to ensure students are ready for lessons (i.e. have the correct stationery equipment etc),


Continuous proven improvement.


Do students move forward with their learning?


Public Sector Equality Duty
The PSED is a duty on public authorities to consider or think about how their policies or decisions affect people who are protected under the Equality Act. Please see our website to view our objectives.


Pupil Premium
The PP is additional funding for publicly funded schools in England to raise the attainment of disadvantaged pupils and close the gap between them and their peers.


Parents, Teachers and Friends Association
A fund raising organisation for AAN.


Social, Emotional Mental Health Difficulties.


Special Educational Needs
Learning difficulties, talents or other needs, for which a child requires extra help.


Special Educational Needs and Disabilities


Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator
The teacher in a school who is responsible for arranging the extra help for children with Special Educational Needs.


Senior Management Team
The Academy's SMT includes, amongst others, LT members, HoFs and the Director of the Sixth Form. 


A child has a Specific Learning Difficulty if s/he has an identified problem with one or more areas of the curriculum, usually reading, writing, spelling and/or number work.


Specialist Resource Base
The SRB extracts some students from lessons to give them support as individuals or in small groups.

Student Support Team The team of support staff that are student focussed. This includes, Attendance, Behaviour, Special Educational Needs, Re-integration and Vulnerable students.

Support Staff

Members of staff employed by the Academy to provide support staff services in school other than teaching.


The individual goals set for a child. Targets are a way of checking the child’s progress.


Transforming Education in Norfolk. The group who sponsor AAN.

Vertical Tutor Groups

Tutor groups made up of students from Year 7 to Year 10.


Virtual Staff Room.

Work Experience

A system which allows students approaching the end of secondary education the opportunity to take part in work placements.